60 results found

Search Results for: monosaccharide

Monosaccharide

Definition noun plural: monosaccharides mon·o·sac·cha·ride, ˈmɒ.nəʊˈsæk.ə.ɹaɪd (biochemistry) A simple... Read More

Disaccharide

Definition noun plural: disaccharides di·sac·cha·ride, daɪˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A (carbohydrate) composed of... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Fructose

Definition noun plural: fructoses fruc•tose, ˈfɹʊk.toʊs A ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Lactose

Definition noun plural: lactoses lac·tose, ˈlæk.toʊs A disaccharide (chemical formula: C12H22O11) made up of one... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Octose

Definition noun, plural: octoses An eight -carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Maltose

Definition noun plural: maltoses mal·tose, ˈmɔːltəʊz A reducing disaccharide formed when two glucose monomers join... Read More

Sucrose

Definition noun plural: sucroses su·crose, ˈsukɹoʊs A disaccharide with a chemical formula of C12H22O11 that occurs in... Read More

Biomolecule

Definition noun plural: biomolecules bi·o·mol·e·cule, ˈbaɪoʊ ˈmɑləkjul Any of the molecules produced by living... Read More

Hexose

Definition noun, plural: hexoses A six-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Pentose

Definition noun, plural: pentoses A five-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Tetrose

Definition noun, plural: tetroses A four-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Altrose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is epimeric with mannose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Triose

Definition noun, plural: trioses A three-carbon monosaccharide Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Heptose

Definition noun, plural: heptoses A seven-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Nonose

Definition noun, plural: nonoses A nine-carbon monosaccharide or sugar Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest form of... Read More

Talose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-2 epimeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Allose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is a stereoisomer of glucose and found in the leaves of the African shrub... Read More

Mannose

Definition noun A hexoaldose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6, and an isomer of glucose from manna, the ash... Read More

Dextrose

Definition noun The dextrorotatory form of glucose, and commercially obtained by the inversion of cane sugar or... Read More

Gulose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is C-3 epimer of galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Sorbose

Definition noun A ketohexose monosaccharide, (3S,4R,5S)-1,3,4,5,6-Pentahydroxyhexan-2-one, with a chemical formula of ... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Idose

Definition noun An aldohexose monosaccharide that is isomeric with galactose Supplement Monosaccharides are the simplest... Read More

Ketose

Definition noun, plural: ketoses A monosaccharide with a ketone as its carbonyl group Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

Aldose

Definition noun, plural: aldoses Any monosaccharide containing an aldehyde group (-CHO) Supplement A carbohydrate is an... Read More

L-glucose

Definition noun An L-stereoisomer of glucose molecule, which is comparatively less biologically active than D-glucose, and... Read More

Maltotriose

Definition noun A trisaccharide that has a chemical formula of C18H32O16 and formed from the combination of three monomers... Read More

Raffinose

Definition noun A trisaccharide formed from the combination of three monomers: galactose, glucose, and fructose, and has a... Read More

Cerebroside

Definition noun, plural: cerebrosides A glycosphingolipid made of a monosaccharide or an oligosaccharide linked... Read More

D-glucose

Definition noun A stereoisomer of glucose molecule characterized by its ability to rotate the plane polarized light in the... Read More

Starch

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Starch Definition noun plural: starch, starches starch, stɑɹtʃ A... Read More

Dextrin

Definition noun, plural: dextrins A carbohydrate that has a chemical formula of C18H32O16, used chiefly as a thickening... Read More

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More