91 results found

Search Results for: peptide

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Peptide

Definition noun, plural: peptides A compound consisting of amino acids connected by an amide bond Supplement Peptides are... Read More

Peptide bond

Definition noun, plural: peptide bonds (1) The covalent bond joining amino acids, particularly at the carboxyl group of... Read More

Pentapeptide

Definition noun, plural: pentapeptides A peptide containing five amino acids Supplement Peptides are biomolecules that are... Read More

Signal peptide

Definition noun An extra-peptide extension found at the amino terminus of a nascent protein, and functions by prompting the... Read More

Nonapeptide

Definition noun, plural: nonapeptides An oligopeptide comprised of nine amino acid residues Supplement Peptides are monomers... Read More

Oligopeptide

Definition noun, plural: oligopeptides A peptide comprised of relatively small number of amino acid residues (i.e. about two... Read More

Dipeptide

Definition noun, plural: dipeptides An organic compound formed when two amino acids are joined by a peptide... Read More

Isopeptide bond

Definition noun, plural: isopeptide bonds A peptide bond formed between a carboxyl group of one amino acid and an amino... Read More

Mucopeptide

Definition noun A crystal lattice structure in the bacterial cell wall that is made up of linear chains of alternating amino... Read More

Peptide hormone

'''peptide hormone peptide hormones are a class of peptides that are secreted into the blood stream and have endocrine... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Transit peptide

Definition noun An extra peptide at the amino terminus of a nascent protein that prompts the transport mechanism of the cell... Read More

Biuret test

Definition noun A chemical test that detects any compound containing two or more peptide bonds Supplement Biuret test is... Read More

Hormone Production

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Hormones are chemical messengers produced by glands in the endocrine system.... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Immune response

Immune Response Definition An immune response is defined as the reaction of the body in response to the presence of a... Read More

Octapeptide

octapeptide A peptide made up of eight amino acid... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Tropocollagen

Definition noun, plural: tropocollagens A single collagen molecule; a molecular structure that makes up a collagen fiber,... Read More

Principles of Hormonal Control Systems

Hormones are chemical messengers that enter the blood directly upon their secretion from endocrine glands. A single gland or... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More

Vasopressin

Definition noun, plural: vasopressins An antidiuretic peptide hormone produced by the magnocellular and the parvocellular... Read More

Regulation of Organic Metabolism, Growth and Energy Balance

Organic Metabolism Events of Absorptive and Post-absorptive States. The absorptive state is the period during which... Read More

Prolactin

Definition noun, plural: prolactins A peptide hormone secreted by lactotropic cell in the anterior pituitary of vertebrates,... Read More

Edman degradation

Definition noun A method of sequencing amino acids of a peptide through a reagent that reacts with the peptide at the... Read More

Atrial natriuretic hormone

Definition noun A peptide hormone released by the atrial heart muscle cells in response to atrial distention, hypertension,... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Signal sequence

Definition noun A sequence of amino acid residues bound at the amino terminus of a nascent protein during protein... Read More

Signal recognition particle

Definition noun A protein-RNA complex important in binding to the mRNA for the recognition of signal peptide on a nascent... Read More

Dansyl chloride

Definition noun (chemistry) A strongly fluorescent compound that will react with the terminal amino group of a protein;... Read More

Pinocytosis

Pinocytosis Definition What is pinocytosis?  Pinocytosis is the ingestion of extracellular fluids, i.e. the fluid... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Oxytocin

Definition noun, plural: oxytocins An antidiuretic peptide hormone (chemical formula: C46H66N12O12S2) produced chiefly by... Read More

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

Definition noun, plural: melanocyte-stimulating hormones A peptide hormone in vertebrates that primarily regulate melanin... Read More

Peptidoglycan

Definition noun, plural: peptidoglycans (1) A glycan (a polysaccharide) attached to short cross-linked oligopeptides in the... Read More