32 results found

Search Results for: promoter gene

Promoter gene

Definition noun, plural: promoter genes (genetics) A site in a DNA molecule at which RNA polymerase and transcription... Read More

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Eukaryotic Gene Structure In prokaryotes the DNA is located in the... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Nucleosome

Nucleosome Definition Every organism is made of deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA. DNA is made up of numerous... Read More

Missense mutation

What is a missense mutation? Literally speaking, a mutation that changes the meaning of the encoded gene sequence is the... Read More

Repressor protein

Definition noun, plural: repressor proteins A protein in which its binding to the operator inhibits the transcription of one... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Promoter

Definition noun, plural: promoters (chemistry) A substance that is capable of increasing the activity of a catalyst to... Read More

Gene Action – Operon Hypothesis

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Some genes are switched on or off depending on environmental conditions. The... Read More

Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. This lesson looks at the various factors involved that affect growth and... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Pribnow box

Pribnow box --> promoter (Science: molecular biology) A region of dNA to which rNA polymerase binds before initiating the... Read More

Molecular Basis of Temperature-Dependent Gender of Red-Eared Slider Turtle

Imagine a child inside a womb with a sex yet to be decided not by the pair of sex chromosomes but by the ambient temperature... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Mosaicism

Cells often go through many divisions before they become a part of an organism’s genetic make-up. This leaves room for... Read More

Enhancer element

Enhancer element (Science: molecular biology) a dna sequence, present in the genomes of higher eukaryotes and of various... Read More

Transactivation

Definition noun, plural: transactivations (molecular biology, genetics) The stimulation of transcription by expressing an... Read More

Point mutation

Definition noun, plural: point mutations (genetics) A small-scale mutation characterized by a change of only one nucleotide... Read More

Down promoter mutation

Down promoter mutation (Science: molecular biology) a mutation (a change in base pair sequence) in a promoter region, this... Read More

Promoter insertion

promoter insertion (Science: molecular biology) activation of a gene by the nearby integration of a virus. The long-terminal... Read More

Nonsense mutation

Definition noun, plural: nonsense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a nonsense codon that does not code for an... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Silent mutation

Definition noun, plural: silent mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for the same or a... Read More

Expression vector

Definition noun, plural: expression vectors A plasmid containing the required regulatory sequences specifically used for the... Read More

Control element

Control element generic term for a region of dna, such as a promoter or enhancer adjacent to (or within) a gene that allows... Read More

Operon

Definition noun, plural: operons A group of genes or a segment of DNA that functions as a single transcription unit. It is... Read More

Base pair substitution

Definition noun, plural: base pair substitutions A type of mutation involving replacement or substitution of a single... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Up mutation

up mutation (Science: molecular biology) refers to any mutation in the promoter region of a gene which can trigger... Read More

Recombinant DNA

Definition noun Genetically-engineered DNA molecule formed by splicing fragments of DNA from a different source or from... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More