33 results found

Search Results for: promoter gene

Promoter gene

Definition noun, plural: promoter genes (genetics) A site in a DNA molecule at which RNA polymerase and transcription... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Repressor protein

Definition noun, plural: repressor proteins A protein in which its binding to the operator inhibits the transcription of one... Read More

Promoter

Definition noun, plural: promoters (chemistry) A substance that is capable of increasing the activity of a catalyst to... Read More

Pribnow box

Pribnow box --> promoter (Science: molecular biology) A region of dNA to which rNA polymerase binds before initiating the... Read More

Molecular Basis of Temperature-Dependent Gender of Red-Eared Slider Turtle

Imagine a child inside a womb with a sex yet to be decided not by the pair of sex chromosomes but by the ambient temperature... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Enhancer element

Enhancer element (Science: molecular biology) a dna sequence, present in the genomes of higher eukaryotes and of various... Read More

Transactivation

Definition noun, plural: transactivations (molecular biology, genetics) The stimulation of transcription by expressing an... Read More

Point mutation

Definition noun, plural: point mutations (genetics) A small-scale mutation characterized by a change of only one nucleotide... Read More

Jacob-Monod Hypothesis

Definition noun A hypothesis proposed by François Jacob and Jacques Monod describing the Operon Model of gene regulation... Read More

Down promoter mutation

Down promoter mutation (Science: molecular biology) a mutation (a change in base pair sequence) in a promoter region, this... Read More

Promoter insertion

promoter insertion (Science: molecular biology) activation of a gene by the nearby integration of a virus. The long-terminal... Read More

Cis dominance

Cis dominance (Science: molecular biology) When a gene or promoter affects only gene activity in the dna duplex molecule in... Read More

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

Nonsense mutation

Definition noun, plural: nonsense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a nonsense codon that does not code for an... Read More

Missense mutation

Definition noun, plural: missense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for a different amino... Read More

Phase variation

phase variation (Science: microbiology) alteration in the expression of surface antigens by bacteria. For example:... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Silent mutation

Definition noun, plural: silent mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for the same or a... Read More

Expression vector

Definition noun, plural: expression vectors A plasmid containing the required regulatory sequences specifically used for the... Read More

Operon

Definition noun, plural: operons A group of genes or a segment of DNA that functions as a single transcription unit. It is... Read More

Control element

Control element generic term for a region of dna, such as a promoter or enhancer adjacent to (or within) a gene that allows... Read More

Base pair substitution

Definition noun, plural: base pair substitutions A type of mutation involving replacement or substitution of a single... Read More

Up mutation

up mutation (Science: molecular biology) refers to any mutation in the promoter region of a gene which can trigger... Read More

Recombinant DNA

Definition noun Genetically-engineered DNA molecule formed by splicing fragments of DNA from a different source or from... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More