71 results found

Search Results for: ribosomes

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Cell Structure

The interior of the cell is divided into the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The nucleus is a spherical or oval-shaped structure... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Cell

A biological cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular... Read More

Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

Continued from the previous tutorial that introduces protein synthesis... mRNA and tRNA mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters... Read More

Organelle

The cell is regarded as the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure... Read More

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Cisterna

Definition noun plural: cisternae cis·ter·na, sɪˈstɜːnə (cell biology) The flattened membrane disk containing... Read More

Protein Synthesis

If you have jumped straight to this page, you may wish to look at the previous tutorial about DNA, which gives background... Read More

Nucleolus

Nucleolus Definition noun plural: nucleoli nu·cle·o·lus, njuːˈkliːələs (cell biology) The round granular... Read More

Prokaryote

Prokaryote refers to any of the group of organisms primarily characterized by the lack of true nucleus and other... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm Definition The cell is known as the building block of all life. Blocks are made up of numerous particles and... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Ribosomal DNA

Definition noun DNA sequence that codes for ribosomal RNA Supplement Ribosomal DNA is the sequence of DNA that codes for... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Ribosomes

Definition noun singular: ribosome Plural form of ribosome, i.e. any of the small round particles in a cell made up of RNA... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

GERL

Definition noun Acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell that involves... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Axon hillock

Axon Hillock Definition What is axon hillock? If you are familiar with the different parts of the neuron, the axon hillock... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Genome

Genome Definition What is a genome? As defined in biology, a genome is a complete set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) within... Read More

Chromosome

Chromosomes Definition Chromosomes are the thread-like structure present in the nucleus of plant and animal cells.... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Eukaryotic cells

Eukaryotic Cells Definition What is a eukaryotic cell? The term “cell” is a common word in biology, anatomy, and... Read More

Cell Biology

The cell is defined as the fundamental, functional unit of life. Some organisms are comprised of only one cell whereas... Read More

The Evolution of Cell Organelles

The previous tutorial page noted the emergence of protists, organisms that possessed a distinct cell nucleus and contained... Read More