52 results found

Search Results for: synthesis phase

Synthesis phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase wherein the cell primarily duplicates its DNA via... Read More

Interphase

Interphase is the critical period in the eukaryotic cell cycle characterized by a sequence of events like the G1 phase where... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition The endoplasmic reticulum is a membrane-bound organelle in cells of eukaryotic cells... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More

Gap 2 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase of the cell cycle wherein the cell continues to grow and then... Read More

Gap 1 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) The first period in the interphase wherein the cell primarily grows in cell... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Mitosis

Mitosis Definition What is mitosis? In biology, mitosis refers to the cellular process where a single cell divides... Read More

Meiosis

What is Meiosis? A simple definition of meiosis would be is this: meiosis is the process of cell division that results in... Read More

Bacteria

Bacteria Definition What are bacteria? What is the definition of bacteria in biology? Bacteria are defined as organisms... Read More

Telophase

Telophase is the stage of cell division characterized by the decondensation of chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope... Read More

Erythrocyte

Erythrocyte Definition Erythrocytes (red blood cells or RBCs) are the myeloid series of specialized cells that play an... Read More

Cell division

Cell division is a biological process by which a parent cell duplicates its cell contents and divides to give rise to two or... Read More

Integumentary system

Integumentary System Definition The integumentary system is the outermost layer of the body. The animal body, in... Read More

Fibroblast

The building block of living things is known as the cell. The cell contributes to many parts and functions of different... Read More

Cells know when to separate at mitosis

How do cells know when to separate during mitosis? A molecule called BubR1 was found to regulate the timing of the division... Read More

Anticodon

The anticodon is a special code on tRNA that matches up with the instructions on the mRNA thus making sure that the... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

Cell

A biological cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular... Read More

Cytokinesis

The cell cycle of eukaryotes is a cyclical series of biological events that certain asexual cells go through. The cell cycle... Read More

Metaphase

Metaphase Definition Metaphase is the third phase of mitosis after prophase and before anaphase. Mitosis is the process by... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Chromatids

Chromatid Definition Chromatids are found inside our cells. Chromatids are condensed chromosomes distinguishable during... Read More

Follicle-stimulating hormone

Follicle Stimulating Hormone Definition In the pituitary gland of the brain, gonadotropic hormones are released.... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition What is cellular respiration in simple terms? Cellular respiration can be defined simply as... Read More

Hypertrophy

Hypertrophy Definition Hypertrophy refers to the enlargement or increase in the size of an organ or tissue due to the... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Carbon fixation

Carbon Fixation Definition We know that the earth contains many elements. The periodic table shows us just how many... Read More

Galactose

Definition noun plural: galactoses ga·lac·tose, ɡəˈlæktəʊz An aldohexose monosaccharide (chemical formula:... Read More

Replication

Replication, in the general sense, is to create a copy or a duplicate. Thus, in biology, replication is commonly associated... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition A plant refers to any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by... Read More

Recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More

Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is a physio-chemical process carried out by photo-auto-lithotrophs by converting light energy into chemical... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Cytokinin

Plants require growth hormones for their regulated growth. Plant growth hormones or regulators (PGRs) are small organic... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Polysaccharide

Polysaccharide Definition Biology Definition: A polysaccharide is a carbohydrate formed by long chains of repeating units... Read More