93 results found

Search Results for: translation

Translation

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a... Read More

A Protein Being Born – a live cell imaging of RNA translation

You probably already heard the concepts of translation in the central dogma of molecular biology. The dogma is an... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Transcription (biology)

In biology, transcription is the process of transcribing or making a copy of the genetic information stored in a DNA strand... Read More

Frameshift mutation

Define Frameshift Mutation What is a frameshift mutation? In biology, insertions or deletions of nucleotides in the coding... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Gene

A gene is the fundamental, physical, and functional unit of heredity. The genes make up the sequences of DNA (genotypes).... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More

Protein

Protein Definition Proteins are biomolecules comprised of amino acid residues joined together by peptide bonds.... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Eukaryotic Gene Structure In prokaryotes the DNA is located in the... Read More

Translational control

translational control (Science: molecular biology) The control of protein synthesis by regulation of the translation step,... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Genetic Control – On and Off Genes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. This lesson looks at the various factors involved that affect growth and... Read More

Transfer ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: transfer ribonucleic acids trans•fer ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈtɹænsfɝ... Read More

Mutation

Mutation is a permanent, heritable change in the nucleotide sequence or the process by which such a change occurs in a gene... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Signal sequence

Definition noun A sequence of amino acid residues bound at the amino terminus of a nascent protein during protein... Read More

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Definition A nucleic acid refers to any of the group of complex compounds made up of linear... Read More

Precursor mRNA

Definition noun plural: precursor mRNAs An immature or incompletely processed mRNA molecule in eukaryotes that needs to be... Read More

Mature mRNA

Definition noun plural: mature mRNAs The completely processed mRNA molecule in the cell of eukaryotes Details Overview... Read More

Termination

Definition noun (general) The process, act, or state of terminating (biochemistry) A process in which the mRNA synthesis... Read More

Nucleotide deletion

Definition noun A deletion of a single nucleotide causing a shift in the reading frame of the codons in the mRNA, thus, may... Read More

Initiation

Definition noun (general) The beginning of a state or of a process; the act of initiating Supplement In general sense, the... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Missense mutation

Definition noun, plural: missense mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for a different amino... Read More

Codon initiator

Codon, initiator Any codon that directs initiation of genetic translation (translation, genetic) by stimulating the binding... Read More

Nucleic acid

Definition noun plural: nucleic acid nu·cle·ic ac·id, nuˈkleɪ.ɪk ˈæsɪd Any of the group of complex compounds... Read More

Elongation

Definition noun (general) The state, act, or process of lengthening Supplement In general, the term elongation refers to the... Read More

Activation

Definition noun (general) The state or the process of being active and/or effective (biochemistry) The process of making a... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Fecundity

Fecundity Definition The meaning of fecundity is the reproductive rate (fecundity rate) or the performance of an individual... Read More

Polyadenylation

Definition noun The synthesis of a poly a tail at the end of an RNA molecule. Supplement The adding of a poly-A stretch at... Read More

GERL

Definition noun Acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell that involves... Read More

Silent mutation

Definition noun, plural: silent mutations A form of point mutation resulting in a codon that codes for the same or a... Read More