182 results found

Search Results for: cell cycle

Cell cycle

Definition noun (cell biology) The sequence of growth and division of a cell, and consists of a series of biological... Read More

Centrosome

Centrosome Definition What is a centrosome? The centrosome is considered to be the main microtubule-organizing... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells Most cells are not visible with the naked eye. However, with microscopes of various types, plant cells can be... Read More

Meiosis

What is Meiosis? A simple definition of meiosis would be is this: meiosis is the process of cell division that results in... Read More

Mitosis

Mitosis Definition What is mitosis? In biology, mitosis refers to the cellular process where a single cell divides... Read More

Nucleus

In cell biology, the nucleus is the large, membrane-bounded organelle that contains the genetic material in the form of... Read More

Meiosis and Alternation of Generations

Review of Mitosis: Cell Cycle The cell cycle contains the process in which cells are either dividing or in between... Read More

Genetic Information and Protein Synthesis

Genetic Code Genes are sequences of DNA nucleotides that carry and transmit the information specifying amino acid sequences... Read More

Animal cell

An animal cell is the fundamental functional unit of life of animals. It is also the basic unit of reproduction. Animal... Read More

Living things

Living Things Definition A living things pertains to any organism or a life form that possesses or shows the... Read More

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) is (a part of) endoplasmic reticulum that is... Read More

Cell division

Definition noun, plural: cell divisions The process in which the parent cell divides, eventually giving rise to new daughter... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Diploid

Diploid Definition Let's first understand the meaning of the word - diploid. From the words ‘di’, meaning "two", and... Read More

Gap 0 phase

Definition noun The phase in the cell cycle wherein the cell is in inactive or non-cycling state following cell... Read More

Mitotic phase

Definition noun The phase in the life cycle of a cell highlighted by chromosomal separation resulting into two identical... Read More

Interphase

Definition noun The phase in the life cycle of a cell wherein the cell grows in size, replicates its DNA, and prepares for... Read More

Chromatin

Chromatin Definition What is chromatin in a cell? Chromatin is a complex of nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA) and proteins... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Apoptosis

Definition noun, plural: apoptoses A programmed cell death involving an ordered sequence of biochemical events that result... Read More

Gap 2 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase of the cell cycle wherein the cell continues to grow and then... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition (botany) Any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by being... Read More

Gap 1 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) The first period in the interphase wherein the cell primarily grows in cell... Read More

Gap 2-M DNA damage checkpoint

Definition noun (cell biology) A control mechanism in G2 phase of the cell cycle that ensures the cell is ready for cell... Read More

Organism

An organism refers to a living thing that has an organized structure, can react to stimuli, reproduce, grow, adapt, and... Read More

Protist

Protist Definition What is a protist? All protists are eukaryotes, i.e. organisms with the nucleus. However, they are... Read More

Mutagen

Mutagen Definition What is a mutagen? A mutagen is a substance or agent that causes DNA impairment that results in the... Read More

Autophagy

Definition noun A programmed cell death characterized by biochemical events leading to self-digestion through the... Read More

Cytokinesis

Definition noun The division of the cytoplasm and the plasma membrane following the division of the nucleus resulting into... Read More

Cell death

Definition noun The death of a cell characterized by the breakdown of cell structures Supplement Cell death pertains to the... Read More

Gamete

Definition of Gamete What is a gamete? A gamete is the mature reproductive or sex cell that contains a haploid number of... Read More

Catabolism

Catabolism Definition Catabolism is the branch of the metabolic process that breaks down complex, big molecules into... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Unicellular

Unicellular organisms are organisms consisting of one cell only that performs all vital functions including metabolism,... Read More

Haploid

In biology, haploid pertains to a condition, a cell, or an organism that has half of the usual complete set of chromosomes... Read More

Sexual reproduction

Sexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction involving the fusion of haploid female gamete (egg cell) and haploid male... Read More

Amitosis

Definition noun, plural: amitoses A direct type of cell division wherein the nucleus and the cytoplasm go through a simple... Read More

Plant Metabolism

Introduction Plants are responsible for incredible feats of molecular transformation. The processes are always being... Read More

Synthesis phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase wherein the cell primarily duplicates its DNA via... Read More