41 results found

Search Results for: cell recognition

Cell recognition

Definition noun (1) Mutual recognition between cells, usually by specific complementary interaction between their respective... Read More

Cell

A cell is a membrane-bound structure that occurs as a functional independent unit of life (such as in unicellular organisms,... Read More

Cell membrane

Definition noun plural: cell membranes ˈmembɹeɪn The cell’s outer membrane made up of a two layers of phospholipids... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Cell Structure

The interior of the cell is divided into the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The nucleus is a spherical or oval-shaped structure... Read More

T-helper cell

Definition noun, plural: T-helper cells A type of T lymphocyte that assists by activating antigen-presenting leukocytes,... Read More

Cytotoxic T cell

Definition noun, plural: cytotoxic T cells A T cell responsible for inducing death to target cells (e.g. infected somatic... Read More

Natural killer T cell

Definition noun, plural: natural killer T cells A T cell capable of destroying infected cells and infective particles upon... Read More

Sphingolipid

Definition noun plural: sphingolipids sphin·go·lip·id A type of lipid with a sphingoid base (e.g. sphingosine and... Read More

Glycosphingolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycosphingolipids A type of glycolipid made up of a glycan (or a carbohydrate) linked to the... Read More

Amphipathic

Amphipathic is a word used to describe a chemical compound containing both polar (water-soluble) and nonpolar (not... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Phagosome

Definition noun plural: phagosomes phag·o·some, ˈfæg əˌsoʊm (cell biology) A vesicle that forms by pinching off... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Cerebroside

Definition noun, plural: cerebrosides A glycosphingolipid made of a monosaccharide or an oligosaccharide linked... Read More

Glycoconjugate

Definition noun, plural: glycoconjugates A carbohydrate chemically linked to another compound, e.g. lipid or... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Glycocalyx

Definition noun, plural: glycocalyses (1) The outer layer usually made up of bound polysaccharides on the cell surface and... Read More

Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate Definition A biomolecule refers to any molecule that is produced by living organisms. As such, most of them... Read More

Fluid mosaic model

Definition A model conceived by S.J. Singer and Garth Nicolson in 1972 to describe the structural features of biological... Read More

Process

Definition noun, plural: processes (general) A naturally occurring or designed sequence of changes of properties or... Read More

Nuclear body

Definition noun plural: nuclear bodies nu·cle·ar bod‧y, ˈnjuː.kli.ər ˈbɒdi Any of the prominent non-membraned,... Read More

Pathobiology of allergy and its most severe form, anaphylaxis

When allergy season looms, some people with serious hypersensitivity to allergens tend to be apprehensive of what may come.... Read More

Nucleolus

Nucleolus Definition noun plural: nucleoli nu·cle·o·lus, njuːˈkliːələs (cell biology) The round granular... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More

Glycolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycolipids A carbohydrate, usually an oligosaccharide, that is covalently linked to a lipid... Read More

Phagolysosome

Definition noun plural: phagolysosomes (cell biology) A cytoplasmic body that forms from the fusion of phagosome and... Read More

First Video Proof That Could Explain Antibiotic-Resistant Superbug Bacteria

Amidst the battle for supremacy, our army of immune cells relentlessly wages war against various pathogens, especially... Read More

Taxonomy

Taxonomy Definition The term "taxonomy" was developed from two Greek words, "taxis," meaning arrangement, and "nomia,"... Read More

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: rough endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A type of endoplasmic reticulum wherein polyribosomes... Read More

Signal recognition particle

Definition noun A protein-RNA complex important in binding to the mRNA for the recognition of signal peptide on a nascent... Read More

Signal peptide

Definition noun An extra-peptide extension found at the amino terminus of a nascent protein, and functions by prompting the... Read More

Antibody

Definition noun, plural: antibodies Any of the numerous Y-shaped gamma globulin proteins found in the blood or lymph, and... Read More

Sugar

Sugar Definition The term sugar is the generic term for any disaccharides and monosaccharides. Sugars are an essential... Read More

Signal sequence

Definition noun A sequence of amino acid residues bound at the amino terminus of a nascent protein during protein... Read More

Heredity

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, PhD Heredity Definition In biology, heredity refers to the passing of genetic... Read More

Symbiosis

Symbiosis Definition What is symbiosis? Symbiosis can be defined as any kind of relationship or interaction between two... Read More

Transit peptide

Definition noun An extra peptide at the amino terminus of a nascent protein that prompts the transport mechanism of the cell... Read More

Overview of Chirology

Psychodiagnostic Chirology (PDC) is a comprehensive diagnostic discipline applied by professional behavioral specialists in... Read More

Stimulus

We can detect hot or cold environments using our sense of temperature. When the temperature is too hot, sweating... Read More