37 results found

Search Results for: mitotic phase

Mitotic phase

Definition noun The phase in the life cycle of a cell highlighted by chromosomal separation resulting into two identical... Read More

Spermiogenesis

Spermiogenesis Definition Spermiogenesis is the stage of spermatogenesis wherein the spermatids differentiate into mature... Read More

Interphase

Interphase is the critical period in the eukaryotic cell cycle characterized by a sequence of events like the G1 phase where... Read More

Prophase

Prophase is the first stage of mitosis; the very first step in this crucial process of the M-phase of the cell cycle. Now as... Read More

Telophase

Telophase is the stage of cell division characterized by the decondensation of chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope... Read More

Mitosis

Mitosis Definition What is mitosis? In biology, mitosis refers to the cellular process where a single cell divides... Read More

Cytokinesis

The cell cycle of eukaryotes is a cyclical series of biological events that certain asexual cells go through. The cell cycle... Read More

Meiosis

What is Meiosis? A simple definition of meiosis would be is this: meiosis is the process of cell division that results in... Read More

Centrosome

Centrosome Definition What is a centrosome? The centrosome is considered to be the main microtubule-organizing... Read More

Gap 2 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase of the cell cycle wherein the cell continues to grow and then... Read More

Gap 0 phase

Definition noun The phase in the cell cycle wherein the cell is in inactive or non-cycling state following cell... Read More

Cell cycle

Definition noun (cell biology) The sequence of growth and division of a cell, and consists of a series of biological... Read More

Anaphase

In order to keep the process of biological existence ever-going, the phenomenon of cell multiplication is very important.... Read More

Cell division

Cell division is a biological process by which a parent cell duplicates its cell contents and divides to give rise to two or... Read More

Synthesis phase

Definition noun (cell biology) A sub-phase in the interphase wherein the cell primarily duplicates its DNA via... Read More

Gap 2-M DNA damage checkpoint

Definition noun (cell biology) A control mechanism in G2 phase of the cell cycle that ensures the cell is ready for cell... Read More

Gap 1 phase

Definition noun (cell biology) The first period in the interphase wherein the cell primarily grows in cell... Read More

Sister chromatids

Sister Chromatids Definition Sister chromatids are defined as the two identical copies of a single replicated chromosome... Read More

Human Reproduction

Terminology and Concepts Primary reproductive organs are called gonads - testes in the male and ovaries in the female.... Read More

Prophase I

Organisms all use mitosis to create more cells in the body. Meiosis, a similar process, is used in some organisms to undergo... Read More

Mosaicism

Cells often go through many divisions before they become a part of an organism’s genetic make-up. This leaves room for... Read More

Vascular plants

Definition of Vascular plants The term 'vascular' is derived from the Latin word vāsculum, vās, meaning "a container and... Read More

Metaphase

Metaphase Definition Metaphase is the third phase of mitosis after prophase and before anaphase. Mitosis is the process by... Read More

Embryo

An embryo refers to the early developmental stage of a multicellular organism that follows fertilization. This stage... Read More

Chromatin

Chromatin Definition What is chromatin in a cell? Chromatin is a complex of nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA) and proteins... Read More

Cells know when to separate at mitosis

How do cells know when to separate during mitosis? A molecule called BubR1 was found to regulate the timing of the division... Read More

Gametophyte generation

Definition noun (botany) A phase in the life cycle of certain plants and algae that starts with a spore up to the time that... Read More

Plant

Plant Definition A plant refers to any of the eukaryotic organisms of the biological kingdom Plantae, characterized by... Read More

Diploid

Diploid Definition Let's first understand the meaning of the word - diploid. From the words ‘di’, meaning "two", and... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition The endoplasmic reticulum is a membrane-bound organelle in cells of eukaryotic cells... Read More

Recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More

Sporophyte generation

Definition noun (botany) A phase in the life cycle of certain plants and algae that starts with the union of gametes up to... Read More

Telophase I

Definition noun The stage in the first meiotic division after anaphase I, and identified by the complete movement and... Read More

Sexual reproduction

Sexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction involving the fusion of haploid female gamete (egg cell) and haploid male... Read More

Metaphase I

Definition noun The second stage in the first meiotic division after prophase I, and highlights the alignment of paired... Read More

Embryology

Embryology Definition Embryology is a branch of biology that deals with the topics concerning gamete formation... Read More

Anaphase II

Definition noun The third stage in meiosis II after prophase II, and highlights the separation of the sister chromatids of... Read More