32 results found

Search Results for: serine

Serine

serine (Science: amino acid) Is synthesised by the body from the amino acids glycine or threonine. Its production requires... Read More

Phosphorylation

Phosphorylation Definition We can define phosphorylation as a biochemical process in which a phosphate molecule is added to... Read More

Pyruvate

Pyruvate Definition Pyruvates have been often recognized as one of the most important molecules that are frequently... Read More

Protein kinase

protein kinase (Science: enzyme) enzyme catalysing transfer of phosphate from aTP to hydroxyl side chains on proteins,... Read More

Codon

What does codon mean? A codon, in biology, is the basic genetic unit of life that acts as the template for the amino acid... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Methanotroph

Definition noun, plural: methanotrophs An organism that metabolize methane as a source of carbon and... Read More

Ser

Definition noun (1) ser: an IUPAC three-letter abbreviation for serine. (2) SER: smooth endoplasmic reticulum, a cellular... Read More

Kinase

Kinase (Science: enzyme molecular biology) Widely used abbreviation for phosphokinase, an enzyme catalysing transfer of... Read More

Polypeptide

Polypeptide Definition Biology What are polypeptides? A polypeptide is defined as a polymer of amino acids joined together... Read More

Trypsin

trypsin (Science: enzyme) serine protease from the pancreas of vertebrates. Cleaves peptide bonds involving the amino groups... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Pentapeptide

Definition noun, plural: pentapeptides A peptide containing five amino acids Supplement Peptides are biomolecules that are... Read More

Glycerol

Definition noun glyc•er•ol, ˈglɪs əˌrɔl A sugar alcohol made up of two polyols derived from saponification of... Read More

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: cyclic adenosine monophosphates (biochemistry) A cyclic form of adenosine monophosphate that... Read More

Diacylglycerol

Diacylglycerol glycerol substituted on the 1 and 2 hydroxyl groups with long chain fatty acyl residues. Dag is a normal... Read More

Autophosphorylation

Definition noun (biochemistry) The phosphorylation of the kinase through its own enzymatic... Read More

Neuroglia

Definition noun, plural: neuroglia A cell that surrounds a nerve cell that is responsible for providing mechanical and... Read More

Degenerate

Degenerate means to become worse or less of its kind or former state. In biology, it means an entity performs the same... Read More

Phospholipid

Definition noun plural: phospholipids phos·pho·lip·id, ˌfɒsfəˈlɪpɪd (1) A lipid with one or more phosphate groups... Read More

Thrombin

Definition noun An activated form of factor II that is generated in blood clotting and acts as a catalyst during the... Read More

Amino acid

Definition noun, plural: amino acids (1) A molecule consisting of the basic amino group (NH2), the acidic carboxylic group... Read More

Amphipathic

Amphipathic is a word used to describe a chemical compound containing both polar (water-soluble) and nonpolar (not... Read More

Polar amino acid

polar amino acid An alpha-amino acid in which the functional group attached to the alpha-carbon (i.e., R in RCH(NH2)COOH)... Read More

Nonessential amino acid

Definition noun, plural: nonessential amino acids An amino acid in which an organism is able to synthesize in sufficient... Read More

Wobble hypothesis

wobble hypothesis (Science: molecular biology) explains why the base inosine is included in position 1 in the anticodons of... Read More

Glycosylation

Definition noun A biochemical process where a glycan attaches to a protein, a lipid, or other organic molecule, especially... Read More

Phosphoproteins

phosphoprotein (Science: protein) proteins that contain phosphate groups esterified to serine, threonine or tyrosine (s, T... Read More

V8 protease

Definition noun A serine protease isolated from Staphylococcus aureus strain V8, capable of cleaving peptide bonds on the... Read More

Polysaccharide

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Polysaccharide Definition noun plural: polysaccharides pol·y·sac·cha·ride,... Read More

Glycoprotein

Definition noun, plural: glycoproteins Any of the conjugated proteins, characterized by having one or more... Read More

recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More