56 results found

Search Results for: subunit

Subunit

Definition noun, plural: subunits (general) A subdivision or a distinct component of a larger unit Supplement The word... Read More

Ribosome

A biological cell is composed of many components called organelles. These organelles serve their specific purposes to make... Read More

Ribosomal ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: ribosomal ribonucleic acids ri•bo•so•mal ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈraɪ... Read More

Nucleolus

Nucleolus Definition noun plural: nucleoli nu·cle·o·lus, njuːˈkliːələs (cell biology) The round granular... Read More

Hexosaminidase A

Definition noun A hydrolytic enzyme implicated in the breakdown of ganglioside producing... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Prokaryote

Prokaryote refers to any of the group of organisms primarily characterized by the lack of true nucleus and other... Read More

Luteinizing hormone

Definition noun, plural: luteinizing hormones A gonadotropin released by the gonadotropes of the anterior pituitary, and,... Read More

Eukaryote

Eukaryote refers to any of the single-celled or multicellular organisms whose cell contains a distinct, membrane-bound... Read More

Translation

Translation, in general, is the conversion of something into another form, such as a word from one language to another. But... Read More

RDNA

Definition noun, plural: rDNAs An abbreviation for the following terms: ribosomal DNA recombinant DNA Supplement rDNA can... Read More

Phylogeny

Phylogeny refers to the evolutionary history of the development of a species or of a taxonomic group of organisms. The... Read More

Ribosomal DNA

Definition noun DNA sequence that codes for ribosomal RNA Supplement Ribosomal DNA is the sequence of DNA that codes for... Read More

Dimer

Definition noun, plural: dimers A chemical compound composed of two identical or similar (not necessarily identical)... Read More

Ribozyme

Definition noun, plural: ribozymes RNA molecule that acts as an enzyme in the aminotransferase activity of the ribosome and... Read More

Capsid

Capsid Definition A capsid is a three-dimensional proteinaceous capsular shell around a virus that encloses the viral... Read More

Enzyme

Reviewed by: Todd Smith, PhD Definition noun plural: enzymes en·zyme, ˈɛnzaɪm (biochemistry) A... Read More

Dimerization

Definition noun, plural: dimerizations (1) The chemical reaction that joins two molecular subunits, resulting in the... Read More

Protomer

Definition noun, plural: protomers Any of the subunits constituting a larger structure, such as any of the polypeptide... Read More

Amylopectin

Definition noun, plural: amylopectin A polysaccharide made up of highly-branched polymer of alpha-glucose units, and is a... Read More

Axon hillock

Axon Hillock Definition What is axon hillock? If you are familiar with the different parts of the neuron, the axon hillock... Read More

Homodimer

Definition noun, plural: homodimers A dimer made up of two identical subunits. Supplement The enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX) is... Read More

Recombination DNA repair

Recombination DNA Repair Definition Recombination DNA repair is a biological reparative process in response to DNA damage... Read More

Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis is the process of creating protein molecules. In biological systems, it involves amino acid synthesis,... Read More

Heat-labile

Definition adjective Likely to be altered or degradation when subjected to heat Supplement In chemistry, the lability of a... Read More

Microtubule nucleation

Definition noun The process or the event that initiates the formation of microtubules. Supplement Microtubule nucleation... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA not just from moms but also from dads?

If one wants to trace down lineage, that person could turn to the cell's powerhouse, the mitochondrion. This organelle... Read More

Eubacteria

Eubacteria are prokaryotic microorganisms consisting of a single cell lacking a nucleus and containing DNA is a single... Read More

Endosome

Endosome Definition noun plural: endosomes en·do·some, ˈəndoˌsoʊm (cell biology) A membrane-bound cytoplasmic... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Immunoglobulin A

Definition noun An immunoglobulin (antibody) that is characterized by its α-heavy chain, and its prevalence in mucous... Read More

Endoplasmic reticulum

Definition noun plural: endoplasmic reticula (cell biology) A membrane-bound organelle that occurs as labyrinthine,... Read More

Elongation

Definition noun (general) The state, act, or process of lengthening Supplement In general, the term elongation refers to the... Read More

Filament

Definition noun, plural: filaments (1) threadlike structure. (2) a fiber or fibril. (3) a long chain of protein subunit, as... Read More

Cell adhesion

Cell Adhesion Definition Cell adhesion is the process in which a cell uses a specialized complex of proteins to get... Read More

Exon

When we look at the genome sizes and the organism complexity, it becomes quite confusing at times. This is because we... Read More

Fructose

Fructose Definition Fructose is a ketohexose monosaccharide with a chemical formula of C6H12O6. It is the sweetest of all... Read More

Capsomere

Definition noun, plural: capsomeres The protein subunit that assembles into a capsid, protecting the genetic material of... Read More

Protein coat

Definition noun (virology) A coat of proteins surrounding the nucleic acid of a virus Supplement The protein coat is made up... Read More

Homodimerization

Definition noun The process of joining two identical subunits to form a single compound. Supplement Word origin: Greek... Read More