62 results found

Search Results for: synthase

Synthase

Definition noun, plural: synthases (biochemistry) An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of a compound Supplement Synthases... Read More

Hydrogen-transporting ATP synthase

Definition noun A membrane enzyme that allows the diffusion of protons (hydrogen ions) through its proton channel component... Read More

Chemiosmosis

Chemiosmosis Definition What is chemiosmosis? In biology, chemiosmosis refers to the process of moving ions (e.g. protons)... Read More

ATP synthase

Definition noun, plural: ATP synthases An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of ATP from the phosphorylation of ADP with... Read More

Thromboxane

Definition noun, plural: thromboxanes Any from the various arachidonic acid metabolites produced by the action of... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition The main function of cellular respiration is to break down glucose to form energy. What is... Read More

Active transport

Active transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances (e.g. ions, glucose, and amino acids) are transported... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Glycogen

Definition noun plural: glycogens gly·co·gen, glī′kə-jən A multi-branched polymer of glucose, mainly produced in... Read More

Chitin

Definition noun plural: chitin chi·tin, ˈkaɪtɪn (1) A polymer of nitrogen-containing polysaccharide (C8H13O5N)n... Read More

Chemiosmotic hypothesis

Definition noun A theory postulated by the biochemist Peter Mitchell in 1961 to describe ATP synthesis by way of a proton... Read More

Prostacyclin

Definition noun, plural: prostacyclins Any member from the subfamily of eicosanoids, with a chemical formula of C20H32O5,... Read More

Uridine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and three phosphate... Read More

Uridine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: uridine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of uracil, ribose and a phosphate... Read More

Chemiosmotic coupling hypothesis

Definition noun A theory postulated by the biochemist Peter Mitchell in 1961 to describe ATP synthesis by way of a proton... Read More

Hydrogen

Hydrogen is one of the chemical elements found in nature. A chemical element refers to the pure substance of one type of... Read More

Chemiosmotic theory

Definition noun A theory postulated by the biochemist Peter Mitchell in 1961 to describe ATP synthesis by way of a proton... Read More

Glucose

Glucose occurs naturally and is ubiquitous. It is one of the three most common monosaccharides; the other two are fructose... Read More

Chlorophyll

Why are most plants green? Have you ever had the same question? Perhaps, you’ve been told that the plants are green... Read More

Condensing enzyme

Condensing enzyme --> citrate synthase Citrate (si)-synthase;an enzyme catalyzing the condensation of oxaloacetate,... Read More

Transport

In biology, transport refers to the act or the means by which a molecule or ion is moved across the cell membrane or via the... Read More

Isomaltulose

Definition noun plural: isomaltuloses A disaccharide comprised of a glucose monomer and a fructose monomer joined by... Read More

Sebum

Definition noun An oily substance produced and secreted by sebaceous gland Supplement Sebum is the substance produced and... Read More

Chloroplast DNA

Definition noun plural: chloroplast DNAs DNA in the chloroplast that carries the code for proteins and RNAs essential to... Read More

Glyoxylate cycle

Glyoxylate cycle (Science: biochemistry) metabolic Pathway present in bacteria and in the glyoxisome of plants, in which two... Read More

Uracil

Definition noun plural: uracils u·ra·cil, ˈjʊərəsɪl (biochemistry) A pyrimidine nucleobase in RNA that... Read More

Lysosome

Lysosome Definition noun plural: lysosomes ly·so·some, ˈlaɪsəˌsoʊm (cell biology) Organelle containing a large... Read More

Prostaglandin F2-alpha

Definition noun, plural: prostaglandins F A biologically active prostaglandin that forms when the intermediate prostaglandin... Read More

Glycogenesis

Definition noun The metabolic process of producing glycogen from glucose for storage mainly in liver and muscle cells in... Read More

Ribosome

Definition noun plural: ribosomes ri·bo·some, ˈɹaɪbəˌsəʊm (cell biology) A minute, sphere-shaped particle... Read More

Thymidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and three... Read More

Thymidine diphosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine diphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and two... Read More

Integral monotopic protein

Definition noun, plural: integral monotopic proteins A protein that is permanently attached to the membrane from one... Read More

Deoxycytidine triphosphate

Definition noun plural: deoxycytidine triphosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of cytosine, deoxyribose and... Read More

ATPase

Definition noun, plural: ATPases An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis or decomposition of ATP into ADP and a free... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Thymidine monophosphate

Definition noun plural: thymidine monophosphates (biochemistry) A nucleotide composed of thymine, deoxyribose and a... Read More

Lipid

Definition noun plural: lipids lip·id, ˈlɪp ɪd, ˈlaɪ pɪd A fatty or waxy organic compound that is readily soluble... Read More

Acetyl-coa

(Science: enzyme) condensation product of coenzyme a and acetic acid, symbolised as CoAS~COCH3; intermediate in transfer of... Read More

Nos

NOS --> nitric oxide synthase (Science: enzyme) An enzyme that catalyses the conversion of l-arginine, nADPH, and oxygen... Read More