66 results found

Search Results for: yeast

Yeast

Definition noun, plural: yeasts Colloquial name for the fungus that is characteristically single-celled most of its life,... Read More

Active dry yeast

Definition noun A form of dry yeast in which the yeasts are not killed but made dormant through dehydration, and return to... Read More

Cultivated yeast

Definition noun, plural: cultivated yeasts Yeast that is grown in cultures for specific purposes such as bread making,... Read More

Budding

Budding Definition In a general context, budding refers to a state where development begins. In science, its meaning refers... Read More

Fermentation

Fermentation Definition What is fermentation? Fermentation is the breaking down of sugar molecules into simpler compounds... Read More

Anaerobic respiration

Anaerobic Respiration Definition What is anaerobic respiration? Anaerobic (cellular) respiration is a respiratory process... Read More

Hypotonic

Hypotonic Definition Hypotonic is a term used to describe an entity being in the state of hypotonicity. Hypotonicity refers... Read More

Cell theory

What Is Cell Theory? Biological cell theory explains the idea of organismal constitution, structure, and function. It... Read More

Nucleosome

Nucleosome Definition Every organism is made of deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA. DNA is made up of numerous... Read More

Chromatids

Chromatid Definition Chromatids are found inside our cells. Chromatids are condensed chromosomes distinguishable during... Read More

Reproduction

Reproduction Definition Reproduction is a biological phenomenon of producing offspring/s. i.e. more of its kind. Depending... Read More

Yac

YAC --> yeast artificial chromosome (Science: molecular biology) A vector system that allows extremely large segments of... Read More

Cell wall

The cell is the structural, functional, and biological unit of all organisms. It is a membrane-bound structure containing... Read More

Centromere

Centromere Definition Centromere is defined as the point of attachment for the sister chromatids generated after DNA... Read More

Unicellular

Unicellular organisms are organisms consisting of one cell only that performs all vital functions including metabolism,... Read More

Shuttle vector

Definition noun A vector that can replicate in more than one host organisms or two different cell types (e.g. a prokaryotic... Read More

Decomposer

Decomposer Definition The organisms that carry out the process of decay or breakdown of the dead organism are known as... Read More

The Fungi

The Fungi What are the Fungi? The Fungi are the great saprophytes, the master recyclers.  They are the black rot, the... Read More

Facultative anaerobe

Facultative Anaerobe Definition What does facultative anaerobe mean? Facultative organisms are the most adaptable... Read More

Fastidious

Fastidious Definition We can define fastidious as a term used in microbiology to denote a species that lacks the ability to... Read More

Trehalose

Definition noun plural: trehaloses tre·ha·lose, loʊs A disaccharide made up of two α-glucose molecules, and serves as... Read More

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

saccharomyces cerevisiae (Science: fungus) A species of yeast which is an important model organism for biological study,... Read More

Electroporation

Definition noun, plural: electroporations A non-chemical method that transfers the genetic material into the recipient cell... Read More

Endomembrane system

Ever wondered how biomolecules are made within the cell and then they are released outside the cell for use by the body?... Read More

Mesophile

Definition noun, plural: mesophiles An organism that lives and thrives at moderate temperatures Supplement A mesophile is an... Read More

Psychrophile

Definition noun, plural: psychrophiles An organism that thrives in cold temperatures, i.e. ranging from −20 °C to +10... Read More

Tetrad

Definition noun, plural: tetrads (1) (cell biology) A group of four closely associated chromatids of a homologous pair... Read More

Cellular respiration

Cellular Respiration Definition What is cellular respiration in simple terms? Cellular respiration can be defined simply as... Read More

Beta-amylase

'Definition noun, plural: beta-amylases A form of amylase found in bacteria, molds, yeasts, and the seeds of plants that... Read More

RNA-dependent DNA polymerase

Definition noun A DNA polymerase enzyme that catalyzes the process of reverse transcription. Supplement This enzyme... Read More

Mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial DNA Definition noun plural: mitochondrial DNAs The genetic material in the mitochondrion that carries code... Read More

Pasteur effect

Definition noun The inhibiting effect of oxygen on the fermentation process. Supplement The effect was discovered in 1857 by... Read More

Industrial Microbiology

Definition noun Related to environmental, social and economic importance that are engaged in the utilization of... Read More

Phenol coefficient

Chemical disinfectants are categorized based on the power of their disinfection for microbes and viruses. Strong... Read More

Ribonucleic acid

Ribonucleic Acid Definition noun (uncountable), ribonucleic acids ri·bo·nu·cle·ic ac·id, raɪboʊnjuːkliːɪk... Read More

Mitochondrion

Mitochondrion Definition What are mitochondria? The term “mitochondrion” comes from the two words of the Greek... Read More

Sister chromatids

Sister Chromatids Definition Sister chromatids are defined as the two identical copies of a single replicated chromosome... Read More

Nonsense mutation

A nonsense mutation is the type of point mutation that renders the translation process useless by coding for a stop/nonsense... Read More

Ym-shift

ym-shift (Science: microbiology) The change in shape by dimorphic fungi when they shift from the yeast (Y) form in the... Read More

Glycolysis

What is Glycolysis and Why is it Important? Glycolysis is a metabolic pathway by which the 6-carbon molecule of glucose is... Read More