64 results found

Search Results for: glycoprotein

Glycoprotein

Definition noun, plural: glycoproteins Any of the conjugated proteins, characterized by having one or more... Read More

Glycosylation

Definition noun A biochemical process where a glycan attaches to a protein, a lipid, or other organic molecule, especially... Read More

Erythropoietin

Definition noun, plural: erythropoietins A glycoprotein hormone that regulates the production of red blood cells in the bone... Read More

Rabies pathobiology and its RNA virus agent – Lyssavirus

Having a dog as a pet presents a myriad of benefits. One of them is having a companion reputed for being charismatic and... Read More

GERL

Definition noun Acronym for Golgi - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Lysosome complex, a system found in the cell that involves... Read More

Cisterna

Definition noun plural: cisternae cis·ter·na, sɪˈstɜːnə (cell biology) The flattened membrane disk containing... Read More

Galactosamine

Definition noun, plural: galactosamines A hexosamine, where galactose contains an amine (-NH2) instead of a hydroxyl (–OH)... Read More

Immunoglobulin

Definition noun, plural: immunoglobulins (1) Any of several classes of structurally related glycoproteins in the blood... Read More

Golgi apparatus

Definition noun Gol·gi ap·pa·rat·us, ˈgɔl dʒi ˌæpəˈreɪtəs (cell biology) An organelle that is comprised of... Read More

Fibrinogen

Definition noun, plural: fibrinogens A soluble rod-shaped plasma glycoprotein (340 kd, 46 nm long) consisting of six peptide... Read More

Collagen

Definition noun Any from a class of glycoproteins that form the collagenous (white) fibers, especially those that occur in... Read More

Thrombopoietin

Definition noun, plural: thrombopoietins A glycoprotein hormone produced by liver and kidney associated with the production... Read More

Elastin

Definition noun, plural: elastins A glycoprotein that renders tissues (particularly, elastic tissue) elastic properties, and... Read More

Glycoconjugate

Definition noun, plural: glycoconjugates A carbohydrate chemically linked to another compound, e.g. lipid or... Read More

Amino sugar

Definition noun, plural: amino sugars A sugar molecule the nonglycosidic hydroxyl (–OH) group is replaced by an amine... Read More

Biological Cell Introduction

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. In fact, there are countless species of single-celled organisms,... Read More

Oligosaccharide

Definition noun plural: oligosaccharides ol·i·go·sac·cha·ride, ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈsækəɹaɪd (biochemistry) A... Read More

Opsonin

Definition noun, plural: opsonins Any substance (e.g. antibody) that binds to the surface of a particle (e.g. antigen) to... Read More

Protein pump

Protein pump - a kind of protein that is capable of pumping out compounds that could pose a threat to the cell. An example... Read More

Secondary cell wall

Definition noun plural: secondary cell walls ˈsɛkənˌdɛɹi sɛl wɔːl The layer of the plant cell wall that forms... Read More

Middle lamella

Definition noun plural: middle lamellae ˈmɪdəl ləˈmɛl.ə A pectin-rich intercellular material that glues the... Read More

Role of Golgi Apparatus & Endoplasmic Reticulum in Protein Synthesis

Continued from the previous tutorial that introduces protein synthesis... mRNA and tRNA mRNA leaves the nucleus and enters... Read More

Collagen fiber

Definition noun, plural: collagen fibers A fiber in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues characterized by being... Read More

Elastic fiber

Definition noun, plural: elastic fibers A type of connective tissue fiber that is made up, primarily, of elastin, and found... Read More

Glycocalyx

Definition noun, plural: glycocalyses (1) The outer layer usually made up of bound polysaccharides on the cell surface and... Read More

Chemical Composition of the Body

In order to fully understand the mechanisms of human physiology, it is important to have an understanding of the chemical... Read More

Nuclease S1

Definition noun An endonuclease enzyme capable of degrading single-stranded DNA and RNA Supplement The nuclease S1 is a... Read More

Parietal cell

Definition noun, plural: parietal cells Any of the epithelial cells in the gastric gland responsible for the secretion of... Read More

Glycosidase

Definition noun, plural: glycosidases (biochemistry) An enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of a... Read More

Thyrotroph

Definition noun, plural: thyrotrophs The cell in the anterior pituitary that particularly releases thyroid-stimulating... Read More

Bone matrix

Definition noun The intercellular substance of the bone tissue; that part of bone tissue comprised of organic and inorganic... Read More

Luteinizing hormone

Definition noun, plural: luteinizing hormones A gonadotropin released by the gonadotropes of the anterior pituitary, and,... Read More

Bacteriolysin

Definition noun, plural: bacteriolysins (1) A specific antibody that combines with bacterial cells (antigens) and, in the... Read More

Immunoglobulin A

Definition noun An immunoglobulin (antibody) that is characterized by its α-heavy chain, and its prevalence in mucous... Read More

Glycolipid

Definition noun, plural: glycolipids A carbohydrate, usually an oligosaccharide, that is covalently linked to a lipid... Read More

Cell Biology

It only takes one biological cell to create an organism. In fact, there are countless species of single celled organisms,... Read More

Mucin

Definition noun, plural: mucins Any of the class of glycoproteins found in mucus (e.g. saliva, gastric juice, etc.) secreted... Read More

Microheterogeneity

microheterogeneity Slight differences in structure between essentially identical molecules; e.g., in the saccharide portion... Read More

Primary cell wall

Definition noun plural: primary cell walls ˈpɹaɪməɹi sɛl wɔːl The layer of the plant cell wall that forms prior to... Read More

Mucus

Definition noun A viscous, slippery secretion of a gland that protects and lubricates surfaces Supplement Mucus refers to... Read More