38 results found

Search Results for: proximal

Proximal

Definition adjective (1) (anatomy) Characterized by being close or near to the point of anatomical reference. (2) (anatomy)... Read More

Condyloid joint

A joint is a point where two bones are attached and are capable of movement. The joints not only provide the movements of... Read More

Kidneys and Regulation of Water and Inorganic Ions

Renal Functions Kidneys remove/add substances from/to the plasma. Regulate water concentration, inorganic ion... Read More

Glycosuria

Definition noun, plural: glycosuria The presence of atypically high sugar level in urine Supplement Glycosuria is a... Read More

Single transverse palmar crease

Definition noun The single crease or line extending across the palm, and formed by the fusion of the proximal and the... Read More

Antecubital fossa

Antecubital Fossa Definition The antecubital fossa or the cubital fossa is the triangular-shaped hollow depression between... Read More

Internal urethral sphincter

Definition noun The urethral sphincter made up of smooth muscle cells found at the inferior end of the urinary bladder and... Read More

Convoluted

The word convoluted is often used to describe different things, especially structures or components, that have overlapped.... Read More

Presynaptic

Definition adjective (1) Of, or relating to the transmitting end of a discharge across a synapse. (2) Pertaining to or being... Read More

Nail bed

Definition noun The part of the skin covered by the nail plate, and is made up of the stratified epithelium Supplement The... Read More

Ganglion

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Olecranon

Definition noun (anatomy) The large process at the proximal end of the ulna of the forearm projecting behind the... Read More

Ganglia

Ganglia Definition What are ganglia? To simply define ganglia in biology, it is the structure of an oval shape that... Read More

Alimentary canal

Definition of Alimentary canal What is the alimentary canal? The alimentary canal is a muscular hollow continuous tubular... Read More

Renal cortex

Definition noun, plural: renal cortexes or renal cortices The outer region of the kidney where the glomeruli, the proximal... Read More

Eponychium

Eponychium 1. The thin, condensed, eleidin-rich layer of epidermis which procedes and initially covers the nail plate in the... Read More

Palmar crease

Definition noun, plural: palmar creases A crease or line on the palm Supplement The lines on the palm called palmar creases... Read More

Renal column

Definition noun, plural: renal columns A column-like extension of the renal cortex in the renal medulla Supplement A... Read More

Microvillus

Definition noun, plural: microvilli Any of the minute hairlike structures projecting from the exposed surface of the cell in... Read More

Thrombopoietin

Definition noun, plural: thrombopoietins A glycoprotein hormone produced by liver and kidney associated with the production... Read More

Ultrafiltration

Definition noun (1) A high pressure filtration through a semipermeable membrane in which colloidal particles are retained... Read More

Messenger ribonucleic acid

Definition noun plural: messenger ribonucleic acids mes•sen•ger ri•bo•nu•cle•ic ac•id, ˈmɛ.sɪn.dʒəɹ... Read More

Gene Regulation in Eukaryotes

Reviewed by: Mary Anne Clark, Ph.D. Eukaryotic Gene Structure In prokaryotes the DNA is located in the... Read More

Centrosome

Centrosome Definition What is a centrosome? The centrosome is considered to be the main microtubule-organizing... Read More

External urethral sphincter

Definition noun The urethral sphincter associated with the discharge of urine in both males and females, and where semen is... Read More

Nephron

Definition noun, plural: nephrons The structural and functional unit of the kidney, i.e. a structure comprised of a set of... Read More

Articulatio radiocarpea

Articulatio radiocarpea --> wrist joint The synovial joint between the distal end of the radius and its articular disk... Read More

Carpal bones

Carpal bones Eight bones arranged in two rows that articulate proximally with the radius and indirectly with the ulna, and... Read More

Nail matrix

Definition noun The area consisting of mitotically active layer of cells at the base of the fingernail or the toenail and... Read More

Inflammatory response

Definition noun, plural: inflammatory responses (medicine) A response of the body to an injurious agent, characterized by... Read More

Capsular space

Capsular space The slitlike space between the visceral and parietal layers of the capsule of the renal corpuscle; it opens... Read More

Loop of henle

Loop of henle a u-shaped turn in the medullary portion of a renal tubule, with a descending limb from the proximal... Read More

Active transport

Active transport is a type of cellular transport in which substances (e.g. ions, glucose, and amino acids) are transported... Read More

Brush border

Definition noun A layer of densely packed microvilli projecting from the inside surface of a tubular... Read More

Tubule

Definition noun, plural: tubules A small tube-like or fistular structure; a hollow cylindrical anatomical structure in the... Read More

Distal

Definition adjective (1) (anatomy) Characterized by being far from the point of anatomical reference. (2) (anatomy) Being... Read More

Vestibule

Languages are intriguing subjects that you can spend your entire life with but never get enough of… As we begin the... Read More

Centriole

Definition noun, plural: centrioles A self-replicating, small, fibrous, cylindrical-shaped organelle, typically located in... Read More