Crossing over between nonsister chromatids of homologous chromosomes
The previous tutorial investigated Gregor Mendel and how he found trends in the phenotypes of offspring produced by true-breeding parents
Mendel paved the way to discovering that alleles that code for a particular characteristic, such as the shape of the seeds produced are expressed in dominant and recessive genes.
When dominant genes were present, they would supersede the presence of wrinkled and were deemed the dominant gene. For example;
If the genotype was rr (where both are recessive) there are no dominant genes, therefore, the recessive phenotype for wrinkled seed is expressed
The previous tutorial mentioned that in the first generation all offspring produced were round seeds, and in the second generation for every three that were round seeded there would be one wrinkled seed. This can be expressed in a Punnett square as illustrated below.
All dominant genes are marked in red, and all recessive genes are marked in green. Whenever the dominant gene is present in an organism this will be expressed. We can summarise the above diagram in the following statements
This is an example of a monohybrid cross, where we are studying one respect of an animal’s genotype. The next tutorial continues to look at dominance and examples of monohybrid and dihybrid crossing plus related info.
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